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Spicy Thai Basil Stir-Fry

If you're a fan of bold and vibrant flavors, Spicy Thai Basil Stir-Fry is a dish that will definitely tickle your taste buds. This popular Thai dish combines aromatic basil leaves, fiery chilies, and an array of fresh vegetables with your choice of protein, resulting in a mouthwatering stir-fry that is both satisfying and packed with flavors. In this article, we'll explore the origins of Spicy Thai Basil Stir-Fry, discuss the key ingredients involved, provide a step-by-step guide on how to make this delectable dish, and share some variations and tips to enhance your culinary experience.

Origins of Spicy Thai Basil Stir-Fry

Spicy Thai Basil Stir-Fry, also known as "Pad Krapow," is a classic Thai street food dish that has gained popularity worldwide. Originating from Thailand, this dish reflects the rich culinary heritage of the country. Thai cuisine is renowned for its harmonious balance of flavors, combining sweet, sour, spicy, and salty elements in each dish. Spicy Thai Basil Stir-Fry exemplifies this culinary philosophy, with its aromatic basil leaves, spicy chilies, and savory sauces, creating a symphony of flavors in every bite.

Key Ingredients

To create an authentic Spicy Thai Basil Stir-Fry, it's important to gather the following key ingredients:

1. Protein:

Choose your preferred protein to be the star of your stir-fry. Common options include chicken, beef, pork, shrimp, or tofu for a vegetarian/vegan alternative. Ensure that the protein is cut into thin, bite-sized pieces for quick and even cooking.

2. Fresh Basil:

Thai Holy Basil, also known as "Bai Krapow," is the traditional choice for this dish. However, if it's not readily available, regular sweet basil or Thai basil can be used as alternatives. The fragrant basil leaves add a distinctive aroma and taste to the stir-fry.

3. Chilies:

Thai chilies are essential to bring the heat and spiciness to the dish. Adjust the amount of chilies according to your preferred spice level. If you prefer a milder version, you can use milder chili varieties or reduce the quantity.

4. Garlic and Shallots:

Garlic and shallots form the flavor base of the stir-fry. Their aromatic properties complement the other ingredients and contribute to the overall taste profile.

5. Vegetables:

A variety of fresh vegetables adds color, texture, and nutritional value to the dish. Common choices include bell peppers, green beans, onions, carrots, and mushrooms. Feel free to customize the selection based on your preferences.

6. Sauce:

The sauce brings all the ingredients together and infuses them with savory goodness. A combination of soy sauce, oyster sauce, fish sauce, and a hint of sugar creates a harmonious balance of flavors, combining umami, saltiness, and a touch of sweetness.

Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Prepare the Ingredients

Gather and prepare all the required ingredients for the stir-fry. Slice the protein of your choice into thin, bite-sized pieces, chop the garlic and shallots, and wash and cut the vegetables into appropriate sizes.

Step 2: Make the Sauce

In a small bowl, combine soy sauce, oyster sauce, fish sauce, and a pinch of sugar.

Step 3: Heat the Wok

Place a wok or a large skillet over high heat. Add oil and allow it to heat until shimmering.

Step 4: Sauté Garlic, Shallots, and Chilies

Add the chopped garlic, shallots, and Thai chilies to the hot oil. Stir-fry for about 30 seconds or until fragrant, being careful not to burn them.

Step 5: Add Protein and Vegetables

Add the protein to the wok and stir-fry until it is almost cooked through. Then, add the vegetables and continue stir-frying for a few minutes until they are crisp-tender.

Step 6: Incorporate the Sauce

Pour the prepared sauce over the stir-fry and toss everything together, ensuring that all ingredients are coated evenly. Cook for an additional minute or two to allow the flavors to meld together.

Step 7: Add Basil Leaves

Add the fresh basil leaves to the stir-fry and gently toss them until they wilt and release their aromatic fragrance. This will take only a minute or so.

Step 8: Serve and Enjoy

Transfer the Spicy Thai Basil Stir-Fry to a serving dish and serve it hot with steamed jasmine rice or noodles. Garnish with additional basil leaves and sliced chilies for an extra kick, if desired.

Variations and Tips


- For a vegetarian or vegan version, replace the meat with tofu or tempeh and use vegetarian oyster sauce or soy sauce instead of fish sauce. - Experiment with different proteins such as shrimp, beef, or pork to create your preferred version of this stir-fry. - Feel free to add other vegetables like baby corn, bamboo shoots, or water chestnuts for added texture and flavor.


- Adjust the spiciness according to your preference by increasing or decreasing the amount of Thai chilies. - If you can't find Thai basil, you can substitute it with other basil varieties, but the flavor will be slightly different. - Ensure that the wok or skillet is heated well before adding the ingredients to achieve the characteristic "wok hei" or smoky flavor. - Prepare all the ingredients beforehand as stir-frying is a quick cooking process, and having everything ready will ensure a smooth cooking experience.


Spicy Thai Basil Stir-Fry is a delightful and aromatic dish that brings together the flavors of Thailand in a single, tantalizing bite. With its balance of spiciness, freshness, and vibrant colors, it is sure to impress your taste buds. Whether you enjoy it with jasmine rice or noodles, this versatile stir-fry can be customized to your liking with different proteins and vegetables. So, grab your wok, gather the ingredients, and embark on a culinary adventure to savor the flavors of Thailand in your own kitchen.


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